Pigs were domesticated multiple times .

Pigs domesticated ‘many times’ 
 


All domestic pigs in Europe are descended from European wild boar.

 
Pigs were domesticated independently at least seven times around the globe, a new study has found.
The discovery was made by linking the DNA of tame porkers with their wild relatives, Science magazine reports.

Researchers found farmed pigs in several locations were closely related to wild boar in the same region, suggesting local domestication.

This challenges the notion that boar were tamed just twice before being transported throughout the world.

“Many archaeologists have assumed the pig was domesticated in no more than two areas of the world, the Near East and the Far East, but our findings turn this theory on its head,” said Keith Dobney, of the University of Durham, UK.

“Our study shows that domestication also occurred independently in Central Europe, Italy, Northern India, South East Asia and maybe even Island South East Asia.”

Trade and migration

Archaeological evidence suggests the pig was first domesticated 9,000 years ago in Eastern Turkey. They were also domesticated in China at around the same time.

This forces the question about the origins of domestication across all animals.
Until now, archaeologists generally assumed that after their initial domestication in these two locations, tame pigs were transported – through trade and human migration – around the world.

In many ways, this is the simplest explanation: as farming methods spread during the Neolithic Age, new innovations and domestic animals were thought to have been passed through the human population.

But it seems the truth is a little more far fetched. Instead of importing tame pigs, people from several different countries domesticated the animals themselves.

“There is definitely something a bit weird about it,” said co-author Greger Larson, of Oxford University, UK. “Maybe people really didn’t bring pigs with them during the agricultural sweep as part of the Neolithic.

“Maybe instead of bringing pigs with them they were domesticating wild boar only.”

Transfer of ideas

However, because the researchers have not been able to date the recently discovered centres of domestication, it is unclear whether the idea of taming pigs was had independently, or whether it was transferred between communities.

The team found that all domestic pigs in Europe are descended from European wild boar – and not Near Eastern boar – which means farmers travelling west from Turkey were not bringing significant numbers of pigs with them.

But that does not mean they did not bring the good idea of pig domestication with them.

Nonetheless, it raises questions about the process of animal domestication, and the spread of agricultural ideas.

“Domestication probably isn’t just one guy having an ingenious idea and looking at a wild boar and saying, ‘I can get a domestic pig out of that’,” Dr Larson said. “It could be that domestication is almost a natural consequence of people settling down to farm.

“These findings are forcing the question about the origins of domestication across all animals.”

 A more detailed article on pubmed about .. Ancient DNA, pig domestication, and the spread of the Neolithic into Europe.

The overall gist of this is… pigs are pretty easy to domesticate. I’ve seen (TV) a group of hunters in New Guinea carry one home because they had caught two at the same time, and tethered it to a post and fed it until they wanted to kill it. Easy to see how that doing this could lead to domestication.

11 responses to “Pigs were domesticated multiple times .

  1. i love pork, its just the tastiest meat.

  2. carlos lascoutx

    …pig(Lat/E) and sow(E) are from same word:
    pitzotl(Nauatl)= pi-/pick soil/-tzotl, the tzo=
    sow. pitza(N/verb)=become red, get angry;
    puff, blow, and probably whistle/oink.
    pitzicuiui(N)=eat a lot/pitzicuiuini(N)=
    glotòn/glutton/cuino(mex slang)=pig
    (imitative of its call: cui, cui=oink, oink)/
    even the word: weenie/uini).
    desoto, looking for el dorado, loosed
    600 of them, almost the same number
    of original conquistadores under cortès,
    into the wilds north of mexico, who promptly
    infected wild deer and other fauna. but
    cochino(mex slang/calò)=pig, really means
    cochi(N)=sleep(couch), dormilòn, however,
    the word has come to mean, dirty. cochiztli(N)=
    dream, perhaps now we know what cochise,
    the apache chief was thinking when he revolted
    n 1861, but again, cochise is not his name in
    chiricaua, is a scramble of, shi-kha-she=
    chi ca ce=chicuace(N)=reverse one/six(6),
    perhaps referring to his calendric name,
    6=miquiztli/skull in the book of souls,
    the priestly/warrior sign and moon god.

  3. …pitzicuiui(N)=glutton, may also give rise to
    the word, dog=(p)itzcui(ui)ntli(N), day10booksouls. and like the bear/oso/ozomatli(N) mix on day11book souls, ozomatli(N)=monkey, may include, does include, dog/pig
    on the same day, the middle of the cempoalli/sample/2odays of booksouls.
    altho one doesn’t think of dogs as pigs,
    they share gluttony as their favorite habit.
    one has to remember that the tonalamatl/
    booksouls had to stretch throughout eurasia
    and encountered many different local/tloc(N)=
    beside(logic)values that didn’t exist at point of origin, or at c(l)imate/cima(N) of origin.

  4. …it’s interesting how book of souls/tonalamatl
    day7/8 are found together in sequence, the oldest
    2 sequence so far, is at the lagar velho, portugal
    child/cromag neander burial(26k bc) where we have 8 tlauitl(ochre)rabbit bones, the exact number for rabbit/tochtli/the seed animal)
    in book souls, and, the deer, wend/uentli/
    offering, her pelvis bracketing the child’s
    body: wendy/venus/venado is day7. mazatl,
    book souls.
    day 11, we have oso(sp)/ozomatli(N)/the zo/
    ço(N) zoon word which unites bear/monkey, and the third otso(Basque)=wolf, proves the
    genera of ço/oçoc(N)=bleed, did move among
    the animals. then, the human female, tzol zoe
    cihuatl(N), old form= tzo/zoatl/çoatl=blood
    water, the oldest word for woman.
    the oldest
    animal involved in simulacrum bear/monkey/
    man could be the bear, the neander christ.
    how and where monkey/ozomatli(N) replaced
    him deals with calendric origin, either southeast
    asia(which i find unlikely given the deer/mazatl
    at day7, or with bear/deer peoples in the north,
    yet that means snake and lizard and monkey
    are out of climate.
    the tonalamatl appears to have
    been redacted as ancestral memory, as a history
    book, much like the synoptic gospels were worked over.
    the next is dog/pig, day10 booksouls, as i
    have above, the word link: pitzicuiui(N)=
    gutton/ (p)itzcuintli(N)=dog, day10 booksouls.
    the dog/pig connexion is as old as their domestication in china, 8k bc, where they were
    raised together.
    the bear/monkey transposition
    may have occurred after the quetzalcoatl
    expedition to the new world, 3309bc, even
    brought in by the circumanvigating polynesian
    olmec from their roost in senegal, 1.5k bc.
    then there’s cipactli(N)=day one, booksouls,
    used as 16th day in mayan tzol-kin, ts’ib, besides
    being, cybele, goddess of bees/wax(in mayan),
    also=cipactli(N), the word scribe whose bones
    are seen lurking below the word, (e)gyptl/gypsy.
    in the original tonalamatl(N), if one can speak
    of such a thing, =day16=buzzard. perhaps, this
    designation came out of gobekli, 9.5k bc, to
    celebrate the priests there, who i am beginning to believe had writing to support their public
    construction.

  5. …pigs were domesticated several times
    but they still act like men.

  6. …the new(and old, old)interface between cavers basque and zhuang has answered the question,
    where monkey/ozomatl comes from. the nauatl
    particles found in both tongues of pie show that
    one language binds us, and the great step/tepetl/
    te(m)ple forward was centered in the altai deer
    culture. europe because of climatic glaciation
    was periodically uninhabitable, actually causing in 52k bc the dispersal of basque
    nauatl, e.g., neuatl/nehua/ni(N)=nerau/
    neu/ne(Basque)=me, myself, I(E), already
    in the basque we can see the asian (r)
    returned to iberia, part of the work-up
    for the silk trail, transiberian, trans-sino
    flux of jared diamond, and, of course it is
    asia, the cave-dwelling zhuang, the altai
    deer congregaton that begins to set the tinder
    for the spark that began in the chauvet
    pont d’arc, 35k bc, far from being euro-centrist,
    the zhuang/altai/basque relation is that
    of sweatshop of society where living is
    the ethos of industy, and the research and
    development department begun by the basques
    in climaticaly uncertain europe. within
    this view are answers to why euros are
    arrogant, why they war so much, and why
    their cult of the lone hero means so much
    to them, because it is a way for them to disregard, with their systems as well,
    the laws of normal society which to the
    chinese is a working law, and to us is
    only the dream of being useful. we are
    a garbage society stunned by our own
    glitz, lost to any responsible deity, and
    enraptured by our exaggerated hopes
    for ourselves alone. this vision comes
    from the christian-judeo-muslim tradition,
    and is a bitter pill for a pluralist world since
    it ensures only one side, and a small-minded
    one at that, satisfaction.

  7. Pigs are much cleaner, nicer and civil then men. Maybe we should domesticate man too?

    • Maybe we should domesticate man too?

      Pigs are much cleaner, nicer and civil then men. Maybe we should domesticate man too?

      I’ve tried for years, and given up the ghost.

  8. …yes, the dog begins in china@8k bc, which
    means eventually the mastiff/molosser/alaunt,
    who figures as the queen in mongolian chess
    and bespeaks origin along the silk trail not
    the tributary bywater of india. i claim the game
    for the deer culture people, a travelling nomad
    board which went to the palace later. the first pieces were deer antler.

  9. …the long pig will
    take longer, if ever, to settle.
    like a guard rottweiler who has
    discovered the propertys of his toy=toyaua=spill, the bouncing ball, he is lost
    forever to the
    utility of his
    previous office and is now under the thrall of his
    plaything.

  10. Pigs are not easy to domesticate. You need area, food resource (people discards don’t count coz pigs eat MORE than people), LOTS and LOTS of fresh water resource. Plus, you need a continuous gene flow for successful husbandry. You don’t just domesticate one pig. Had they done that, good luck finding that in the archaeological remains. Expand your references.

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