An abridged version of this article
Professor Stephen Oppenheimer of Oxford University, says 81% of the Welsh have DNA evidence which shows a common link to ancestors who came to Britain from northern Spain as the ice age ended.
Most people in Scotland, Ireland and Wales were assumed to be descended from Celtic farming tribes who migrated here from central Europe up to 6,500 years ago. The English were thought to largely take their genetic line from the Anglo-Saxon invaders of the Dark Ages who supposedly wiped out the Celts in England.
But that’s all part of a “Celtic myth”, says Professor Oppenheimer in The Origins of the British: A Genetic Detective Story.
“The majority of the gene pool of the British Isles is very ancient and dates to the era after the last great Ice Age. It has nothing to do with Celts or Anglo-Saxons or any more recent ethnic labels.
“The Ice Age made Britain a polar desert and there was nobody living here around 13,000 BC until the first settlers came to the British Isles from the Basque country of northern Spain between 15,000 and 7,500 years ago.
“Something like three-quarters of the ancestors of our modern gene pool arrived then.
“The ancestors of some 88% of the Irish, 81% of the Welsh, 79% of the Cornish, 70% of Scots and 68% of the English arrived here during that period. None of the later immigrations contributed anything more than 5% to the gene pool.”
Apparently, Y chromosome haplotype R1b is the majority in Wales, and it was probably the norm in the North African Oranian culture before the E3b1b replaced it in the Neolithic (conquest pattern) as you see it a lot of R1b in black Africans, but not E3b1b. I’m thinking… Afro Asiatic may have made itself the dominant language in North Africa very early on, with elements of it’s grammar making it’s way into the Celtic languages via the IM culture. There seem to have been some African Mt L haplotypes in Spain that couldn’t be attributed to the Berbers/Moors (can’t remember source), and the microlithic technology crossed over from North Africa in the paleolithic.
They need to break down the R1b family better so we can trace population movements better.
There’s a mention of E3b1 being present in England as well in the Capelli study (2003) but I can’t find a break down of what types! This is put down to the Roman occupation, but it could have been anyone.
Explains why I look like a pasty Spaniard.