A very dull paper on Capsian culture and climatic change in the holocene

Not be be read unles you have an all consuming interest in holocene North Africa.

Early and middle Holocene environments and Capsian cultural change: evidence from the Télidjène Basin, eastern Algeria

 Interdisciplinary investigations from 1973 to1978 at Aïn Misteheyia and Kef Zoura D, two stratified Capsian sites in the Télidjène Basin, Tebessa Wilaya, Algeria, have shown that palaeoenvironmental changes centred around the 8200 calBP event can be correlated with changes in subsistence and technology traditionally associated with the difference between Typical Capsian and Upper Capsian. We use data from geoarchaeological investigations, invertebrate and vertebrate faunal assemblages, and radiocarbon analyses to characterize the nature and extent of these changes.


 Radiocarbon analyses and changes in faunal and lithic assemblages at Kef Zoura D and Aïn Misteheyia demonstrate a close relationship between environmental and cultural changes centred around the 8200 calBP event or EMHT. Earlier deposits at both sites are characterized by larger invertebrate and vertebrate fauna indicative of wetter conditions associated with lithic assemblages that can be described as Typical Capsian. Later deposits contain smaller fauna indicative of increased aridity and lithics characteristic of the Upper Capsian. Our data lead us to conclude that contemporaniety of Typical and Upper Capsian hypothesized for neighbouring sites and further afield cannot be substantiated. Instead, there is evidence for a succession from earlier Typical to later Upper, as proposed by Vaufrey 70 years ago. At both KZD and AM we see evidence for a transitional phase in lithics, the trend intensifying around the time of the EMHT. There is thus very clear evidence at KZD and AM for continuity between the Typical and Upper Capsian, as appears to be the case throughout the Maghreb.


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