How Old is the Indo‑European Language Family? Illumination or More Moths to the Flame?
The paper that claims to back up Renfrew’s Anatolian hypothesis. At least now I have a term what what I’ve been using as a dating method… linguistic palaeontology. While I’d agree with this as a problem if just one or two reconstructed words were present that foxed up the date, PIE is just rife with them. their argument about the word wheel, seen here;
First, independent semantic innovations from a common root are a likely mechanism by which we can account for the supposed Proto‑Indo‑European reconstructions associated with wheeled transport (Trask 1996; Watkins 1969). Linguists can reconstruct word forms with much greater certainty than their meanings. For example, upon the development of wheeled transport, words derived from the Proto‑Indo‑European term *kwel‑ (meaning ‘to turn, rotate’) may have been independently co‑opted to describe the wheel.
I’m not sure how that would apply to all the other words relating to wheel, like axle, and the plethora of metallurgical terms. Or the terms that describe the flora and fauna (not something that would expand to create a false proto word) However, it’s not entirely impossible some aspects of it are correct;
Using the Swadesh 200‑word list, he calculated that the core Indo‑European languages (Greek, Italic, Balto‑Slavic, Germanic and Indo‑ Iranian) diverged around 5500 r5 whilst Hittite diverged from the common stock around 8400
rom the common
Which suggests what I refer to as PIE is from a later node to Hittite. Think of it as members on the same family tree but their MRCA is from different generations. As with so many things, the PIE classification is a POV issue here.
After having done a little reading; Transcaucasian pottery does seem to expand about the date the Kura Araxes culture does, which does show a cultural expansion from steppes area about the time of 5,000 BP.