An interesting read on the state of aDNA work in the near East. Of most interest was to me was the aDNA from the mummies at Dakleh Oasis.
To obtain the frequencies of these mtDNA types, ampliﬁcation of the HVRI region and three RFLP markers was conducted. The authors succeeded in analysing RFLP markers in 34 samples and HVRI sequences in 18 of the samples. Both populations, ancient and contemporary, ﬁt the north-south clinal distribution of “southern” and “northern” mtDNA types (Graver et al. 2001). However, signiﬁcant differences were found between these populations. Based on an increased frequency of HpaI 3592 (+) haplotypes in the contemporary Dakhlehian population, the authors suggested that, since Roman times, gene ﬂow from the Sub-Saharan region has affected gene frequencies of individuals from the oasis.
Which is from the Graver mummy DNA study, I believe. It actually suggests there’s more sub Saharan input to the Egyptian population than anything else since the Roman era.
Mitochondrial DNA Research in the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt
Alison M. Graver, Ryan L. Parr, Sandra Walters, Renée C. Praymak, Jennifer M. Maki and J.El Molto
Molecular genetic research is being conducted as part of the Dakhleh Oasis Project (DOP), an international and multi-disciplinary research initiative in the western desert of Egypt. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is being analyzed from both ancient human skeletal remains associated with the Roman period town of Kellis (100 to 450 AD) and contemporary inhabitants of the Dakhleh Oasis. The primary objectives of this research are to derive paleogenetic information about the inhabitants of ancient Kellis, and to develop a picture of change over time within this desert oasis. Preliminary mtDNA restriction site data and control region sequence variability suggest significant genetic differences exist between the ancient and modern oasis populations
It’s a good grounding in the state of aDNA at the moment, human, animal and pathogenic. Worth the read.
There’s also another pdf with a lot of abstracts about ancient DNA from the 5th annual ancient DNA conference.