Taforalt man into the Sahara.

L’homme de Taforalt au Sahara, ou le problème de l’extension saharienne des Cromagnoïdes du Maghreb

The important discovery of a cro Magnon settlement in the Southernmost Sahara  dating to the Holocene brings new data on the morphological and geographical evolution of the Cro Magnon population of the Maghreb (Men of Mechta-Afalou-Taforalt). The great resemblance between the men of Taforalt and those of the Sahara (Hassi-el-Abiod, Mali) pose the problem of their origins. Was it a migration from the Maghreb at the beginning of the Holocence aided by favourable climate conditions or regional evolution from the regional Aterien stock mixing with the Cro Magnons of the Maghreb and the Sahara? The numerous climatic changes occurring in this part of the Sahara during the last 30,000 years could be an efficient evolutive promoter and can explain the morpholgical and cultural differences observed between the Sahara and Maghrebian series. However, what will happen later to African Cro magnids in the Maghreb and especially in the Sahara is still an open question.

 I’m not going to translate the whole thing, but it observes that the Mechtoids vanish about 7,0oo years ago (very latest site in the Sahara, but they are gone by 10,000 Bp at the coast when the Capsian culture arrives from the near east) when the proto- mediterranoids arrive, and they are not found in later sites. When I have a little more time I’ll make up a more comprehensive entry involving this and the other work on mechtoid populations and genetics that should explain their origins and relationships a bit more clearly. Please excuse my imperfect translation.


These new discoveries bring three new basic concepts; firstly, African Cro Magnids occupied a vast part of the North of  Africa of the end of Pleistocene until  the beginning of  the Holocene; secondly in spite of regional morphological characteristics, all Mechtoids belong to the same group; thirdly these facts suggest the existence of a common ancestor to these three populations and this ancestor could be represented, until there are other older discoveries, by the Aterian people.

Which I’d have to disagree with, as the stone tool cultures and genetics suggest an expansion from Lower Nubia/Egypt about 24k ago that spawned off the Mechtoid/Kebaran populations, which was roughly equal in terms of back-migrating Eurasian and Nubian-African ancestry. Except for the Taforalt population, which ADNA has shown was entirely Eurasian for mt DNA, and may have been the result of a migration southwards across the straits of Gibraltar about the time of the LGM (20k ago) mixing with the local Mechtoids.


6 responses to “Taforalt man into the Sahara.

  1. Mathilda, is there a reason why your post on genetic influences on criminality is gone?

    I switched it to private-

  2. So what happened to the Cro Magnoids? Died out, outcompeted, bred out by the more frisky Mediterranoids from western Eurasia?

    Europeans do, and other peoples also in North Africa, want desperately to cling to the continuation of the Cro Magnoid lines to the present day populations of Europe and North Africa. Gives them some claim to be native, 45,000 years of continuation.

    My belief is that the Cro Magnons mostly died out, and what was left, the females mostly, absorbed by Neolithic farmers. Australia has Paleolithic continuation right to the 21st century in the Australian Aborigines. No unmixed Aborigine has gone beyond hunter/gatherer mentality, no unmixed Aborigines have become farmers. The best they achieve is exploiting animals which are essentially feral, wild like cattle breeds on large cattle stations. Take the Trokus shell or Beche de Mer, the Aborigines still let Indonesians fish these and don’t try to grow them commercially. Another example the Andaman Islanders. Those islanders will never go beyond their hunter/gatherer status but will naturally exploit what is in their vicinity, if it happens to be a bag of sugar or rice placed by well meaning Indian administrators, they will take it and consume it, but will never grow either the cane or the rice plant. I believe that Mesolithic Europeans were the same. The women admixed with the Neolithics but not the Mesolithic men, a one way mixing. The world’s first “mestizos”. Much the same thing happened in North/South America, Polynesian Islands, Oceania, the Bounty Mutineers.

  3. Matilda,

    Check out:

    Has implications for the genesis of the Afroasiatic language group and Chadic in particular – did they all spread from the Middle East?!

    • Thanks PC, I’ll look at it.

      I now support (after ripping the proposed african origin apart) Asian origin of AA, I always susupected the Chadic R1b had a neolithic trace back to the near East with Afro Asiatic. I suspect the split pint with other AfroAsiatic languages was southern Egypt.

  4. Mathilda is there any way that i can extract the document which is in French and translate by using SYSTRAN etc. in English?
    They have entered the bloody documents as pictures and i can’t copy the passages and paste them in the Google translation page in order to see what does it say in English!
    I would appreciate it if you could help me out

    • They have entered the bloody documents as pictures

      Tell me about it. I had to do it the hard way. Sorry I can’t help.

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