Morphological affinities of the earliest known American


 Walter A. Neves1, Joseph F. Powell2, Andre Prous3, Erik G. Ozolins2 and Max Blum1 


Several studies concerning the extra-continental morphological affinities of Paleo-Indian skeletons, carried out independently in South and North America, have indicated that the Americas were first occupied by non-Mongoloids that made their way to the New World through the Bering Strait in ancient times. The first South Americans show a clear resemblance to modern South Pacific and African populations, while the first North Americans seem to be at an unresolved morphological position between modern South Pacific and Europeans. In none of these analyses the first Americans show any resemblance to either northeast Asians or modern native Americans. So far, these studies have included affirmed and putative early skeletons thought to date between 8,000 and 10,000 years B.P. In this work the extra-continental morphological affinities of a Paleo-Indian skeleton well dated between 11,000 and 11,500 years B.P. (Lapa Vermelha IV Hominid 1, or “Luzia”) is investigated, using as comparative samples Howells’ (1989) world-wide modern series and Habgood’s (1985) Old World Late Pleistocene fossil hominids. The comparison between Lapa Vermelha IV Hominid 1 and Howells’ series was based on canonical variate analysis, including 45 size-corrected craniometric variables, while the comparison with fossil hominids was based on principal component analysis, including 16 size-corrected variables. In the first case, Lapa Vermelha IV Hominid 1 exhibited an undisputed morphological affinity firstly with Africans and secondly with South Pacific populations. In the second comparison, the earliest known American skeleton had its closest similarities with early Australians, Zhoukoudian Upper Cave 103, and Taforalt 18. The results obtained clearly confirm the idea that the Americas were first colonized by a generalized Homo sapiens population which inhabited East Asia in the Late Pleistocene, before the definition of the classic Mongoloid morphology.

A study of Paleo Indians population affinites; again not supporting the single mongoloid origin of modern native Americans. I have to say, I find the idea of a Paleo African colonisation easier to swallow than a Paleo Australoid colonisation. An ocean crossing would be a lot easier across the South Atlantic , and a lucky early colonisation would be possible from Africa. I suppose the next step would be to try to sequence DNA from these old remains. If they’ve been in a cave with a stable temperature, there’s a sporting chance they could retreive some.


However, the resemblence to modern Africans probably isn’t significant, it’s the resemblence to the paleo- populations that’s important. See above.

6 responses to “Morphological affinities of the earliest known American

  1. That would be hella wild, if it is truth to it. Can change our whole history as we Americans know it.

  2. This does not surprise me, only corroborates evidence from other sources. The traditional view of North and South American native populations being descended from Mongoloids who crossed at the Bering Strait is already being questioned, just another nail in the coffin of a traditional theory. But thanks for the reference, very interesting!

    As an aside, I had a conversation recently with a First Nations guy (in Canada) who pooh-poohed “white” theories of his people’s origins, he said he had proof of their descent from extra-terrestrials. “Not everything comes from Europe!” he asserted.

  3. Well there was scientifically-identified Australoid and also 25 “Negroid” bones in Brazil alone found throughout America. Some Palio-Indians look Australoid too. There is a BIG similarity between Native American-Indians, Australian Aboriginals, Melanesians, and West African CULTURE and traditions. In the Caribbean some dark-brown people do have blond and reddish-hair. Hell, even I had a few blond strands of hair too, but that could be from the fact that I have two East-Indian great-grandparents on both sides of my family and Central/South Indains often call Sidroids or “Dravidians” are a mostly Caucasoid with Australoid admixture before the Persians and Turks invaded.

  4. I am not sure if it was 25 scientifically-identified bones or if it was skeletons. I skeletons.

  5. Also there are groups like The Witchitaw Nation, the Yamasee, the Black Californians, the Gunifani, and many others all over North America, South America, Central America, and the Caribbean who are Pre-Columbus Native Americans. It is likely they are “Negroid”, some may be Melanesian, Polynesian, Negritos Pre-Columbian tribes that mixed with more and more West African slaves.

  6. i call it the Aterian trans-atlantic migration theory.aterian tanged and levallois tools would prove it.they were in the right place at the right time…

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